Computers are continually advancing as built-in chips become faster and much more effective. However, this causes an increase in the heat they create. Apart from the graphics board, the chip is the part that gets the hottest. So what do you do to avoid overheating? Our guide shows you how to pick the proper cooling system for your PC.
In modern processors, a growing number of transistors are set up to boost the performance and speed of the hardware. On account of this digital tension, each of these transistors produces heat, which in turn heats up the surface of the chip.
This is further increased as a result of the simple fact that many transistors are installed alongside each other in close proximity. When the temperature in the computer rises above 60°C, this can lead to a significant drop in functionality and, in the worst case, hardware collapse.
To prevent this, the pc should be encouraged with an additional cooling system to eliminate the exhaust heat as speedily as you can from the chip core. Another choice to stop overheating is expanding the heat output surface.
Apart from air cooling, water cooling has become the most popular method for computers. Modern chip cooling techniques come with heating pipes. These contain a particular gas or liquid which transports heat via convection instead of through pipes.
In addition, it is feasible to cool via nitrogen. But, in contrast to other choices, this procedure is not suitable for daily use and requires a good deal of effort, even for experts. Additionally, it will come with health dangers.
Together with passive air cooling systems, heat is spread out to the surrounding air via cooling elements. To achieve increased efficiency, some cooling methods utilize heat pipes to send excess heat from the PC.
Together with active air cooling methods, the exhaust heat of the elements is sent out via an extra cooling element connected to the enthusiast. A constant stream of air is created from the pc case. In general, air cooling systems are cheaper than water cooling systems.
Passive air cooling systems are silent in their operation as no moving parts are needed. But, they're only suitable for processors with relatively low operation, and for that reason limited likelihood of overheating. Modern processors with higher performance capabilities require active air cooling methods.
Cooling performance is dependent on the magnitude of the cooling element but in addition to the air stream that is generated by the enthusiast. Remember that active air cooling systems don't operate silently. People that have large ventilators with slow rotational rate are more silent than modest ventilators with higher rotational speed.
The most important benefit of all water cooling systems is that exhaust heat is transported softly and efficiently away from the PC. The heating system is greater than that of air cooling methods, therefore this choice is particularly helpful for users wanting to overclock their computers. Overclocking is when a computer is operated with modified specifications, which can be above the formally approved ones.
Typically, the heating element is made from aluminum or copper. Inside, a pump moves the water in a circuit. The exhaust heat of this processor is integrated into this circuit and transported to the radiator. This is the heat that's been cooled down throughout the water is spread to the surrounding atmosphere.
As with air cooling system, an active and passive option exist with all water cooling methods. With passive cooling systems, the cooling system at the radiator occurs through standard air movement. With the active alternative, a buff is to blame for producing the air stream.
Before deciding on a cooling system, a couple of aspects ought to be considered. Generally speaking, you should keep in mind that the water cooling systems only ever cool down specific regions of the computer. Thus, a water cooling system doesn't substitute the default cooling for additional, built-in parts of the computer. Moreover, a water cooling system can take extra effort during the installation procedure. This is the case when the mainboard has to be removed to be able to install the cooler, for example.
Modern cooling systems which are made as tower coolers provide increased cooling performance, thanks to heat pipes.
If you just have limited space for a cooler because of a compact design, low profile cooling systems are a fantastic option. Measurements are specifically made for HTPCs or compact circumstances. With a CPU cooler, listen to compatibility between components of different manufacturers or alternative technologies. If the cooling system is based on AMD technologies, it's usually compatible with Intel bases. The exact same is true vice versa.
That is, however, not a problem with nearly all water cooling systems. If you opt for a strictly CPU ventilator, watch out to the sound level at the product specifications to prevent a noisy, distracting system.
Apart from choosing an appropriate cooling system, computer overheating can be prevented by following a couple of simple rules. For instance, there should be a minimum distance of 50cm between the computer case and nearby walls and furniture, so to enable the heat to escape.
Ventilators and coolers should never be hidden behind objects. Heating sources such as bulbs and shouldn't be put in immediate proximity to the computer. Stay away from direct solar energy and always keep the personal computer case closed.
Regularly test your ventilators: faulty enthusiasts may often be spotted through louder or unusual noises.