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Discounting Environmental Economics

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Discounting Definition

Discounting is the primary factor used in pricing a stream of tomorrow's cash flows. For example, the cash flows of company earnings are discounted back at the cost of capital in the discounted ...

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discount rate | Public Goods: The economics of climate ...

Many environmental economists, including me, are troubled by the use of almost any discount rate greater than zero to calculate the current worth of values (future benefits and harms) that will occur more than a generation from now - an issue of especially importance in climate economics.

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PDF The economics climate change

The Economics of Climate Change -C 175 The economics of climate change C 175 ‐Ch i tiChristian TTraeger Part 4: Discounting Background reading in our textbooks (very short): Kolstad, Charles D. (2000), "Environmental Economics", Oxford Universityy Press, New York. Pages 72‐74.

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Q uasi-hyperbolic discounting and retirement - MIT Economics

ment to Laibson's quasi-hyperbolic discounting savings model [Quarterly Journal of Economics 112 (1997) 443-477]. Earlier selves think that the deciding self tends to retire too early and may save less to induce later retirement. Still earlier selves may think the pre-retirement self does this too much, saving more to induce early ...

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Environmental economics - Wikipedia

Central to environmental economics is the concept of market failure. Market failure means that markets fail to allocate resources efficiently. As stated by Hanley, Shogren, and White (2007): "A market failure occurs when the market does not allocate scarce resources to generate the greatest social welfare. A wedge exists between what a private person does given market prices and what society ...

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Discounting and Environmental Policy | Taylor & Francis Group

This book was published in 2003.The "International Library of Environmental Economics and Policy" explores the influence of economics on the development of environmental and natural resource policy. In a series of 25 volumes, the most significant journal essays in key areas of contemporary environmental and resource policy are collected.

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(DOC) Discounting in Environmental Economics | Jonas ...

In most cases, it truly takes a long time for any environmental project to take effect and make an impact so that the much-desired benefits can be realised and distributed among society. There exists a certain biophysical time- and impact-lag, that

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Seminar: Intergenerational Discounting | Environmental ...

Date(s): January 22, 2008 Location: Room 4144, EPA West Presenter(s): Billy Pizer (Resources for the Future) Description: Dr. Pizer discussed the challenges of discounting benefits and costs of policies that occur over multiple generations. He is a recognized expert in the economics of energy and climate change. His remarks on intergenerational discounting focused on his 2003 analysis with ...

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Empirical and public choice evidence for hyperbolic social ...

The derivation of the correct discount rate for intergenerational projects in Cost Benefit Analysis is particularly contentious. Public choice has resulted in lower discretionary exponential discount rates for many intergenerational projects in Britain and the USA. This is shown to be strong indirect evidence that the true social discount rate may be a hyperbolic (rather than an exponential ...

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Discount Factor for Economic Analyses | Bizfluent

In environmental economics, discount factors are used to estimate our valuation of the future. This not only applies to the pollution and degradation of our environment but also the extraction of non-renewable resources. In this case, economists examining the minimum, rather than maximum, discount factor needed for environmental degradation.

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Behavioural economics, hyperbolic discounting and ...

Abstract. This paper reviews some recent research in "behavioural economics" with an application to environmental issues. Empirical results from behavioural economics provide a reminder that human behaviour is context-dependent, implying that policy may go awry if based upon models of behaviour which are inappropriate to the contexts in which decisions are made.

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Environmental Choices and Hyperbolic Discounting: An ...

Discount rates for environmental goods are generally lower than for financial rewards, but are still above zero. Consumers, therefore, value long-lived environmental goods differently than financial goods. KW - Environmental goods. ... JO - Environmental and Resource Economics. JF - Environmental and Resource Economics. SN - 0924-6460. IS - 1. ER -

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Discount Rates: How simple maths can sustain our planet ...

Discount rates can help us transition to a world based on renewable resources. Its a simple concept based on percentages which can be explained more easily o...

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PDF Discount Rates for Environmental Benefits Occurring in the ...

Discount Rates for Environmental Benefits Occurring in the Far-Distant Future www.iearesearch.com February 3, 2009 As is often the case in economics, an obscure and often dull-sounding issue, can quickly get into some deep moral questions. Standard cost-benefit analysis methods involve estimating the dollar values of costs ...

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Economics of climate change mitigation - Wikipedia

Discounting is a relatively controversial issue in both climate change mitigation and environmental economics due to the ethical implications of valuing future generations less than present ones. Non-economists often find it difficult to grapple with the idea that thousands of dollars of future costs and benefits can be valued at less than a ...

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Discounting - Resources for the Future

Back to Environmental Economics Discounting For policies with long-run implications, the choice of how to discount future costs and benefits can have enormous significance. RFF research interests include how to best empirically determine the appropriate discount rate, whether it should decrease over time (hyperbolic discounting), and approaches ...

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PDF Determinants Social Discount Rate, general case

Sustainability & Discounting The Economics of Climate Change -C 175 In general growth rates Eof environmental goods g lie below the rates of Pproduced Egoods g: g < gP Now we can derive two discount rates: A discount rate for environmental goods rE and

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Discounting Climate Costs | The Heritage Foundation

The tool for performing this test is discounting. Discounting is compounding run backwards. ... For them, social cost of carbon calculations and, perhaps, environmental economics altogether are ...

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Ben Groom | IDEAS/RePEc - Research Papers in Economics

"Gamma discounting and expected net future value," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 99-109, January. Ben Groom & Cameron Hepburn & Phoebe Koundouri & David Pearce, 2005.

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DISCOUNTING FOR PUBLIC POLICY: A SURVEY | Economics ...

Empirical and public choice evidence for hyperbolic social discount rates and the implications for intergenerational discounting. Environmental and Resource Economics 5 (4) : 413 - 423 . Hepburn , C. and Groom , B. .

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discounting Archives - An Economic View of the Environment

Author Robert Stavins Posted on April 27, 2009 April 27, 2009 Categories Climate Change Policy, Energy Economics, Energy Policy, Environmental Economics, Environmental Policy, Natural Resource Economics Tags benefit-cost analysis, discount rate, discounting, distributional analysis, distributional equity, economic valuation, efficiency, global ...

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Yale Law & Policy Review

HANDBOOK OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS 1106 (Karl-G6ran Maler & Jeffrey R. Vincent eds., 2005) [hereinafter Heal, Intertemporal Welfare Economics and the Environment]; Louis Kaplow, Discounting Dollars, Discounting Lives: Intergenera-tional Distributive Justice and Efficiency, 74 U. CHI. L. REV. 79 (2007); Robert C.

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Seminar: Discounting and Confidence | Environmental ...

Date(s): September 21, 2011, 2:00-3:30pm Location: Room 4144 EPA West Building, 1301 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC Contact: Carl Pasurka, 202-566-2275 Presenter(s): Christian Traeger (Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, University of California, Berkeley) Description: The paper analyzes the discount rate under uncertainty. The analysis complements the probabilistic ...

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Economics and the Environment, 9th Edition | Wiley

8.3 Future Benefits, Costs, and Discounting 123. 8.4 An Example of Discounting: Light Bulbs 125. 8.5 Savings, Investment, and Market Interest Rates 126. 8.6 The Social Discount Rate and Dynamic Efficiency 127. 8.7 Discounting Climate Change 130. 8.8 Ecological Economics, Strong Sustainability, and the Precautionary Principle 131

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